How do you suffer from asthma and how to treat it?

by | Sep 7, 2021 | Asthma

Asthma is an abnormal airway chronic inflammation characterized by a variety of cells (such as eosinophils, mast cells, T lymphocytes, neutrophils, airway epithelial cells, etc.) and cellular components. Qualitative disease. This chronic inflammation is related to airway hyperresponsiveness. There is usually extensive and variable reversible expiratory airflow limitation, resulting in recurrent wheezing, shortness of breath, chest tightness and/or coughing symptoms, intensity Change with time. It usually occurs at night and (or) early in the morning and worsens, and most patients can relieve themselves or be relieved by treatment. If bronchial asthma is not diagnosed and treated in time, it can cause irreversible airway narrowing and airway remodeling with the prolongation of the disease course.

How do you suffer from asthma?

1. Genetic factors

Individual allergies and the influence of the external environment are risk factors for the disease. Asthma is related to polygenic inheritance. The prevalence of relatives of asthma patients is higher than the group prevalence, and the closer the relationship, the higher the prevalence; the more severe the patient’s condition, the higher the prevalence of their relatives.

2. Allergen

(1) Indoor and outdoor allergens Dust mites are the most common and most harmful indoor allergens. They are an important cause of asthma worldwide. Dust mites exist in secretions such as fur, saliva, urine and feces. Fungi are also one of the allergens that exist in indoor air, especially in dark, humid and poorly ventilated places. Common outdoor allergens: Pollen and grass meal are the most common outdoor allergens that cause asthma attacks, and other specific and non-specific inhalants such as animal dander, sulfur dioxide, and ammonia.

(2) The common allergens of occupational allergens are cereal powder, flour, wood, feed, tea, coffee beans, silkworms, pigeons, mushrooms, antibiotics (penicillin, cephalosporin), rosin, reactive dyes, persulfuric acid Salt, ethylenediamine, etc.

(3) Drugs and food Aspirin, propranolol (Propranolol) and some non-corticosteroid anti-inflammatory drugs are the main allergens of asthma caused by drugs. In addition, foods such as fish, shrimp, crab, eggs, and milk can also induce asthma.

3. Precipitating factors

Common air pollution, smoking, respiratory tract infections, such as bacterial, viral, protozoan, and parasite infections, pregnancy, strenuous exercise, and climate change; a variety of non-specific stimuli such as inhalation of cold air, distilled water droplets, etc. can induce asthma attacks. In addition, mental factors can also induce asthma.

Clinical manifestations of asthma

Paroxysmal expiratory dyspnea accompanied by wheezing or paroxysmal cough, chest tightness. In severe cases, people are forced to sit or breathe upright, dry cough or cough a lot of white foamy sputum, or even cyanosis. Sometimes cough is the only symptom (cough variant asthma). Some adolescent patients have chest tightness, coughing and dyspnea during exercise as their only clinical manifestations (exercise asthma). Asthma symptoms can be onset within a few minutes, and after a few hours to a few days, bronchodilators can be used to relieve or relieve themselves. Some patients may have a relapse after a few hours in remission. Attacks and exacerbations at night and early in the morning are often one of the characteristics of asthma.

how to treat asthma?

1. By strengthening physical exercise, proper exercise can help eliminate patients to achieve a good effect of enhancing their own resistance, and have a certain impact on the fight against asthma.

2. It is best to perform oxygen inhalation and atomization treatment in daily life, so as to achieve a good health of the throat and make people’s respiratory tract more unobstructed. It can also enhance the secretion of the mucous membrane in the human respiratory tract, thereby protecting the health of the respiratory tract and reducing asthma attacks.

3. Asthma patients are very sensitive to temperature changes, and during the seasons or autumn and winter, influenza viruses are raging, which is a high incidence of influenza and cold diseases. If people suffer from these diseases, it is easy to aggravate asthma. Disease, so people must pay attention to prevent colds at these times.

4. Asthma patients have low self-immunity, and the resistance of the respiratory tract is relatively weak, so the cold tolerance of asthma patients will be very poor. Therefore, some effective cold-resistant exercises can help asthmatic patients to enhance the immunity of the respiratory tract to combat the cold. The specific approach should be more cold-resistant exercise.

5. Asthma is a chronic disease, and long-term anti-inflammatory treatment is necessary. The inhalation of hormones can effectively regulate the state of the respiratory tract, so that the inhaled hormone components can effectively promote the balance of hormones, reduce the symptoms of throat inflammation, and help patients with asthma to fight the symptoms of the disease. The specific anti-inflammatory treatment is inhalation of β2 agonists, sustained-release theophylline and so on. As for how to use the medicine, you still have to consult a doctor and let the doctor prescribe the medicine according to your condition.

6. In daily life, some bad mental states can easily cause asthma. Therefore, if you want to treat asthma and control the symptoms, you must learn to regulate your emotions so that patients can fight asthma with a more positive mental state.

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Tags: Asthma

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