Hypertension in pregnancy is a peculiar disease of pregnant women, most of which occur in the 20th week of pregnancy and two weeks after delivery. Some are accompanied by proteinuria or edema. In severe cases, symptoms such as headache, blurred vision, and upper abdominal pain may occur. Without proper treatment, it may cause systemic cramps or even coma.
When the systolic blood pressure (high pressure) exceeds 140 mmHg or the diastolic blood pressure (low pressure) exceeds 90 mmHg, it indicates that you have high blood pressure. Being overweight, having high blood pressure before pregnancy, having multiple births, chronic diseases and/or poor diet (high salt and high fat) are all risk factors for high blood pressure during pregnancy. High blood pressure can cause various complications (underweight, kidney problems, premature birth, and preeclampsia), so measures must be taken to reduce high blood pressure during pregnancy.
What are the symptoms of pregnancy-induced hypertension?
Increased blood pressure
Within five months of pregnancy, women’s blood pressure will be slightly lower than before pregnancy, and after five months of pregnancy, blood pressure will begin to rise gradually. At this stage, the blood pressure of a normal pregnant woman is around 110/175mmHg. If the expectant mother finds that her blood pressure is 30/15mmHg or more higher than this value, she may have high blood pressure.
After pregnancy, expectant mothers will gain an average of 2KG weight per month. If they are obese women, their weight gain during pregnancy will be slightly lower. And some pregnant women, due to recessive edema, gain weight quickly after pregnancy, and can gain more than 1KG or more in a week. If a pregnant woman finds that her weight is gaining too fast, she should first check her ankle and calf for pitting edema. If there is, it is likely that the inferior vena cava is compressed by the uterus, and the reflux is blocked and the pregnancy is triggered. hypertension.
After excretion of other urinary system diseases, normal pregnant women should not have proteinuria, while patients with mild pregnancy-induced hypertension may be positive or weakly positive for proteinuria, which shows that the glomeruli or tubules have been mildly affected.
How to control pregnancy-induced hypertension?
1. The intake of salt should be moderate
The key to diet control is less salt and less oil. No matter what kind of food you eat, you must control the oil and salt. You can also eat foods that help stabilize blood pressure. I often eat cooked celery without any seasoning. If there is a juicer at home, you can put it in with celery juice leaves.
2. control heat and weight
Excessive energy intake during pregnancy can easily lead to obesity, and obesity is an important risk factor for pregnancy-induced hypertension. Therefore, the amount of food should be appropriately controlled during pregnancy. It is not “you can eat as much as possible” uncontrolled eating. Normal weight gain during pregnancy should be taken as Standard adjustment of food intake. Especially pregnant moms who are overweight before pregnancy should eat as little or no candies, snacks, sweet drinks, fried foods and high-fat foods as possible. It is advisable for pregnant mothers not to exceed 12 kg during the entire pregnancy.
3. Prevent insufficient protein intake
Poultry and fish protein can regulate or lower blood pressure, and the protein in soybeans can protect the cardiovascular system. Therefore, eating more fish, poultry and soybeans can improve blood pressure during pregnancy. However, pregnant women with abnormal kidney function must control their protein intake to avoid increasing the burden on the kidneys.
4. moderate exercise
Do excercise. Women who lack exercise are more likely to suffer from high blood pressure than women who exercise regularly. So whether you are pregnant or in the pregnancy period, exercise for more than 30 minutes a day or exercise most days a week.
If you are exercising for the first time, you can choose low-intensity walking or swimming. Before starting an exercise program, consult a doctor to confirm whether certain activities are safe.
5. Good attitude
Maintain a good mood and good sleep habits. Doing this can help better control blood pressure. If blood pressure is not well controlled during pregnancy, it is prone to danger.
6. Standing home medical sphygmomanometer
For families with pregnant women, it is very important to keep a sphygmomanometer. For example, Bergme’s sphygmomanometer may better measure your blood pressure and is the best choice for standing sphygmomanometers.
It is necessary to take blood pressure for every pregnancy check. If the blood pressure display is abnormal and it is abnormal several times in a row, please pay attention to it. If the blood pressure is higher than 140/90 twice in a week, the blood pressure is normal. , The doctor will judge whether there is pre-eclampsia based on the blood pressure measurement results. It should also be noted that blood will be different for personal physical reasons, so there is no need to compare the test results with others.
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