Why do children need the nebulizer for coughing?

by | May 26, 2021 | Nebulizer therapy

Nebulization therapy is a common method in the treatment of children’s respiratory diseases. With the development of nebulization therapy more and more widely, many parents also have doubts: Can all respiratory diseases be treated with nebulization? Will long-term nebulization treatment affect the health of the child? Is there a time limit or number of times for aerosol inhalation? What should I pay attention to when spraying inhalation therapy?

Why choose nebulized inhalation?

Because the upper respiratory tract and other development of children are not yet perfect, immunity and resistance are low, coupled with weather changes and viral infections, they are prone to respiratory tract infections and cause mucosal swelling, mucus blocking the respiratory tract and aggravate the condition. If the treatment is not timely, it can be Occurrence of wheezing, difficulty breathing, etc.

Nebulized inhalation therapy is to disperse the drug into mist or microparticles suspended in the gas through an inhalation device, and deposit the drug in the respiratory tract by inhalation. Compared with oral medication, aerosol inhalation therapy reduces the dose of the drug while reducing the dose. Directly reach the affected area, reduce the systemic side effects of the drug, and have a significant effect. In the treatment of respiratory diseases, aerosol inhalation has become an important auxiliary treatment measure.

Which respiratory diseases can do?

Many respiratory diseases, such as asthma, acute laryngitis, bronchiolitis, bronchopneumonia, infant wheezing, chronic lung disease in premature infants, acute and chronic coughs, upper respiratory tract infections, and other airway inflammation diseases. During treatment, general doctors will choose different drugs for aerosol inhalation according to different diseases and different treatment purposes. Therefore, when parents atomize their children, it is best to consult a professional doctor in the hospital first, and try not to Configure it at will. If the effect of atomization at home is not good, you should also go to the hospital for review in time.

Will the nebulizer affect the health of children?

Nebulized inhalation is commonly used to inhale sex hormones, so some parents worry about whether nebulization will affect the growth and development of their children. In fact, this is not too much to worry about, because the hormones inhaled by children only act on the local area and the amount of inhalation is very small. , Even if a small amount enters the body through the respiratory tract and digestive tract, it will be quickly decomposed by metabolism, and generally will not cause serious systemic adverse reactions. The inhaled dose and course of treatment for children should also be carried out under the guidance of professional doctors. The best clinical efficacy and minimal adverse reactions have been achieved. A small number of children may develop oropharyngeal Candida infection after using the therapeutic drugs for too long Parents don’t have to worry too much about this problem. After taking the medicine, they should pay attention to gargle with water to reduce the occurrence of Candida infection in the oropharynx.

What should I pay attention to when using the nebulizer?

Preparation before nebulization: moderate temperature and humidity are required. When the temperature of the aerosol is too low, it is easy to cause tracheal constriction and spasm and aggravate the nebulization stimulation in children. For those with excessive sputum, sputum should be sucked first and then atomized. For those with nasal secretions, the nasal cavity should be rinsed and then

Attention during nebulization: In the choice of posture, due to the low vital capacity and tidal volume in the lying position, irritability and shortness of breath are prone to occur during inhalation, so when infants and young children are nebulized inhalation, it is appropriate to choose a semi-sitting position or a sitting position. Older children teach them to breathe deeply and slowly to increase thoracic mobility and increase lung capacity. In the time of atomization, the appropriate time for each atomization is 5-15 minutes, and the interval time depends on the condition of the disease. In the choice of nebulizer, children of different ages can choose different nebulizers. Generally, older children are more compatible and can choose a mouthpiece. For younger children, you need to choose a mask. Since the drug may cause local irritation during the aerosolization process, when a child is found to have frequent coughing, shortness of breath and other symptoms during the aerosolization process, he should immediately suspend the inhalation for observation, and evaluate whether it is suitable to continue the aerosol treatment after relief. In addition, if the child does not stop crying during aerosolization, it will also affect the inhalation and affect the therapeutic effect. For such children, you can choose to give the aerosol inhalation treatment after sleep. It should also be noted that the atomized aerosol should not be directed at the eyes to avoid eye irritation.

Treatment after nebulization: After nebulization, the sputum is diluted, and the sputum adhering to the trachea and bronchial walls can be shed off by external forces such as pat on the back, which is beneficial to the discharge of sputum. Therefore, after the end of the nebulization, parents You can pat your child on the back. When patting the back, gather your five fingers together into a hollow shape, and pat gently from top to bottom and from outside to inside. At the same time, you should rinse your mouth and wipe the outside of the nose and mouth with water after atomization. To reduce the side effects of residual drugs.

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Tags: Nebulizer

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